What is Cannabis Ruderalis: Side by side comparison image of the sativa, indica and ruderalis
Cannabis Education

Cannabis Ruderalis: What Is It?

You may be familiar with sativa, indica, and hybrid cannabis strains, but have you ever encountered the term “cannabis ruderalis”? 

Although it is undoubtedly one of the lesser-known categories of cannabis strains, ruderalis has been gaining steam in recent years. As a growing number of medical marijuana patients discover the potential (and unique) benefits of ruderalis strains, it’s showing up in more and more dispensaries worldwide.

In this guide, we will discuss the “what” and “why” of cannabis ruderalis, answering your questions about this fascinating classification of strains. 


What is Cannabis Ruderalis?

Cannabis ruderalis is a category of cannabis plants that grows wild throughout areas of Central Asia and Russia, characterized by its impressive hardiness and auto-flowering capabilities (we’ll discuss more auto-flowering later). 

These plants are much smaller than both indicas and sativa, producing fewer flowers in comparison. But even though that may sound like a drawback, it’s a benefit for individuals interested in growing their own cannabis ruderalis plants in a limited amount of space. Ruderalis is also valued by cultivators interested in cross-breeding these strains to create new options with advantageous characteristics. 

There is some debate among botanists in regards to whether the cannabis ruderalis strain classification should be considered a separate species or merely a subspecies. However, recent scientific evidence supports the idea of cannabis ruderalis as its unique species. 


The Origin of Cannabis Ruderalis

It is believed that cannabis ruderalis dates back thousands of years, originating in portions of Asia and Eastern/Central Europe. In 1924, Russian botanist D.E. Janischewsky was the first to classify cannabis ruderalis.

The term “ruderalis” is connected to the root word “ruderal,” which refers to highly adaptable plant species that can effectively grow in environments that have been affected by humans or other natural disturbances. For example, it is not unusual to see cannabis ruderalis growing along roadways and other high-traffic zones.

Today, you can find it growing as a weed throughout Russia, as well as in a large number of indoor cultivations.


Properties of Cannabis Ruderalis

Compared to sativa and indica strains, cannabis ruderalis plants are noticeably short and stalky. Most stand between 1 and 2.5 feet tall when harvested, displaying a shaggy growth pattern and wide, light green leaflets. Cannabis ruderalis buds are typically small but still have a full shape.

The most distinct characteristic of cannabis ruderalis is its flowering cycle. In contrast, indica and sativa varieties have a flowering cycle that is activated in response to light and dark periods; ruderalis flowers independently when it reaches maturity. Most modern-day ruderalis hybrids will begin to flower about 21 to 30 days after the seeds are planted, no matter what light cycle they are exposed to. 


Effects of Cannabis Ruderalis

Since cannabis ruderalis is low in THC and high in CBD, it is a favorite among consumers who prefer to minimize THC’s psychoactive effects. So, it offers the opportunity to reap the potential benefits of CBD, terpenes, and other cannabis compounds, without the traditional “high.”

Specific cannabis ruderalis effects can vary considerably, depending on whether or not it has been cross-bred with indica or sativa strains. 


Cannabinoid Makeup of Cannabis Ruderalis

Cannabis ruderalis strains contain naturally higher cannabidiol (CBD) levels, combined with fairly low concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). 

Depending on the goals of a specific cultivator, cannabis ruderalis might be bred with other, higher-THC strains to achieve a balanced hybrid.

What is Cannabis Ruderalis: Side by side comparison image of sativa, indica. hybrid and ruderalis


What Does Autoflowering Mean?

“Autoflowering” is a term used to describe plants that are able to transition into their flowering stage automatically, based on their maturity. This is in contrast to many other plant species, which depend on changes in the light cycle to induce flowering.

Botanists believe that ruderalis plants developed this ability due to the location of their native habits. Because they originated very far north of the equator, the light cycles are limited and constantly shifting. So, auto-flowering was a beneficial adaptation.

Exactly why does it matter that cannabis ruderalis is auto-flowering? Plants in this strain category can grow anywhere – because they don’t rely on specific lighting, making them easier to cultivate. They can also produce flowers year-round, adding to the accessibility of cannabis ruderalis strains and products. 

Cannabis ruderalis strains can be bred with other strains in order to reap the benefits of auto-flowering across a greater variety of cannabis.


Where to Find the Best Cannabis Strains in Phoenix, AZ

When searching for cannabis for sale in Phoenix, an extensive selection is one of the biggest benefits a dispensary can offer. Having plenty of strains to choose from makes it far easier to find options that flawlessly fit your needs.

Giving Tree Dispensary has you covered if you’re on the hunt for cannabis ruderalis hybrids or another category of strains/products. We carry a wide variety of premium strains, including flowers, concentrates, edibles, vape cartridges, and more. Plus, our knowledgeable team is always here to help you navigate our menu so that you can make a confident and informed choice. 


The Best Indica Cannabis Strains

Indica cannabis can be a good choice for consumers interested in:

  • Deep relaxation
  • Pain relief
  • Reduced stress

Indica strains are favored for nighttime use and typically have higher concentrations of CBD (but not necessarily lesser levels of THC).

Giving Tree Dispensary carries a diverse selection of indica strains and products, with options that align with many different goals and preferences. Top indica strains include Grandaddy Purple, Afghan Kush, and Hindu Kush.


The Best Sativa Cannabis Strains

Sativa cannabis can be an ideal fit for consumers that are seeking:

  • Increased energy
  • Improved focus and motivation
  • Elevated creativity
  • Productivity

Because of its effects, sativa is favored for daytime consumption, social gatherings, and creative endeavors. Giving Tree offers sativa flowers, edibles, vapes, and more, with our most popular sativa strains, including Acapulco Gold and Durban Poison.


The Best Hybrid Cannabis Strains

Hybrids capture the best of both worlds, presenting varying combinations of sativa and indica characteristics. Depending on your goals, you can also look into ruderalis hybrids. Hybrid strains are usually bred explicitly for a unique profile of effects, making it possible to choose an option that aligns perfectly with your preferences.

Giving Tree Dispensary stocks a multitude of hybrid strains, including sativa-dominant and indica-dominant options such as Pineapple Express and Blue Dream.


Shop at Our Top Phoenix Dispensary for a Top-Tier Selection of Cannabis Products

Now that you can confidently answer the question, “what is ruderalis?” – it’s time to decide if ruderalis strains are right for you. That’s where the experienced team at Giving Tree Dispensary comes in.

At our dispensary in Phoenix, you can explore a massive selection of cannabis strains and products. With help from our team, it’s simple to pinpoint the best-suited options for your desired experience.

You’re always welcome at Giving Tree Dispensary, regardless of your experience level, needs, or preferences.

Check out our complete collection of products when you visit our dispensary today or give us a call at (623) 254-4711.


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